Critical Resources

Adams, Rachel. “A mixture of delicious and freak’: The queer fiction of Carson McCullers.” American Literature. 71:3 (Sept 1999): 551-584.

Airheart, Debra Reed. The Isolated and Grotesque World of Carson McCullers. Diss. East Texas State U, 1991.

Aldridge, Robert. “Two Planetary Systems; With Halftone Illus.” The Modern American Novel and the Movies. Gerald Peary, ed. New York: Ungar, 1978. 119-130.

Als, Hilton. “Unhappy Endings.” New Yorker. 77:38 (12/3/2001): 94-104.

Armes, Nancy Ruth. The Feeder: A Study of the Fiction of Eudora Welty and Carson McCullers. Dissertation Abstracts International. Ann Arbor, MI 1975, 36, 2817A.

Auchincloss, Louis. Pioneers and Caretakers: A Study of 9 American Women Novelists. Minneapolis: U of Minneapolis P, 1965.

Bauerly, Donna M. Patterns of Imagery in Carson McCullers’ Major Fiction. Dissertation Abstracts International. Ann Arbor, MI 1973, 34, 2606A (Marquette).

—. “Themes of Eros and Agape in the Major Fiction of Carson McCullers.”Pembroke Magazine. 20 (1988): 72-76. 

Bluefarb, Samuel. The Escape Motif in the Modern American Novel: Mark Twain to Carson McCullers. Dissertation Abstracts, Ann Arbor, MI 1967, 27, 3863A.

Bourne, Stephen. Ethel Waters: Stormy Weather. Scarecrow Press, 2007.

Box, Patricia S. “Androgyny and the Musical Vision: A Study of Two Novels by Carson McCullers.” Southern Quarterly. 16(1978): 117-23.

Boyle, Kay. “I Wish I Had Written The Ballad of the Sad Cafe by Carson McCullers.” Critical Essays on Carson McCullers. Beverly Lyon Clark and Melvin Friedman, eds. New York: Hall, 1996, 85-86.

Bradshaw, Charles. “Language and Responsibility: The Failure of Discourse in Carson McCuller’s The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter.” Southern Quarterly, Winter1999, Vol. 37 Issue 2, pp.118-126.

Brasell, R. Bruce. “Dining at the Table of the Sensitives: Carson McCullers’s Peculiarity.” Southern Quarterly. 35 (Summer1997): 59-67.

Broughton, Panthea Reid. “Rejection of the Feminine in Carson McCuller’s The Ballad of the Sad Cafe.” Twentieth Century Literature. 20 (1974): 33-43.

Buchen, Irving. “Divine Collusion: The Art of Carson McCullers.”The Dalhousie Review. 54 (1974): 529-41.

—. “Carson McCullers, a Case of Convergence.” Bucknell Review. 1973, 21:1, 15-28.

Burdison, Neva Evonne. The Making of The Member of the Wedding: Novel, Play and Film. Dissertation Abstacts International, Ann Arbor, MI 1988 Feb. 48:8, 2061a.

Carlton, Ann. “Beyond Gothic and Grotesque: A Feminist View of Three Female Characters of Carson McCullers.” Pembroke Magazine. 20 (1988): 54-62. (the three characters being Mick Kelly, Frankie Addams, and Miss Amelia)

Carlton, Ann R. Patterns in Carson McCullers’ Portrayal of Adolescence. Dissertation Abstracts International, Ann Arbor, MI, 33, 302A (Ball State).

Carney, Christina F. A Study of Themes and Techniques in Carson McCullers’ Prose Fiction. Dissertation Abstracts International, Ann Arbor, MI 1973, 34, 307A-08A (Columbia).

Carr, Virginia S. Carson McCullers and the Search for Meaning. Dissertation Abstracts International, Ann Arbor, MI 1972, 33, 2924A-25A(Fla. State).

Carr, Virginia Spencer. The Lonely Hunter. Paperback. Carrol and Graf, 1985.

Carr, Virginia Spencer. Understanding Carson McCullers. Columbia: U of South Carolina P, 1990. (reissued 2005)

Chamlee, Kenneth. “Cafes and Community in Three Carson McCullers Novels.” Studies in Amerian Fiction. 18 (1990): 233.

Champion, Laurie. “Black and White Christs in Carson McCuller’s The Heart is a Lonely Hunter.” Southern Literary Journal. 24 (1991): 47-52.

Clark, Charlene Kerne. Carson McCullers and the Tradition of Romance. Dissertation Abstracts International. Ann Arbor, MI 1975, 35, 5391A.

Clark, Charlene Kerne. “Male-Female Pairs in Carson McCullers’ The Ballad of the Sad Cafe and The Member of the Wedding.” Notes on Contemporary Literature. 9:1 (1979): 11-12.

Clark, Charlene. “Selfhood and the Southern Past: A Reading of Carson McCullers’ Clock Without Hands.” Southern Literary Messenger. 1:2 (1975): 16-23.

Coale, Samuel C. V. The Role of the South in the Fiction of William Faulkner, Carson McCullers, Flannery O’Connor, and William Styron. Dissertation Abstacts International. Ann Arbor, MI 1971, 31 6596A-97A.

Cook, Richard M. Carson McCullers (Modern Literature Monographs). Published 1975.

Cook, Sylvia Jenkins. From Tobacco Road to Route 66: The Southern Poor White in Fiction. Chapel Hill: U of North Carolina P, 1976.

Critical Essays on Carson McCullers. Beverly Lyon Clark and Melvin Friedman, eds. New York: Hall, 1996.

Davis, Katherine. “A Thing Known and Not Spoken: Sexual Difference in Carson McCullers Member of the Wedding.” The Journal of the Comparative Drama Conference. (1995) 16, 39-42.

Davis, Thadious. “Erasing the We of Me and Rewriting the Racial Script: Carson McCullers’s Two Member(s) of the Wedding.” Beverly Lyon Clark, ed.Critical Essays on Carson McCullers. New York: Hall, 1996.

Dedmond, Francis B. “Doing Her Own Thing: Carson McCullers’ Dramatization of The Member of the Wedding.” South Atlantic Bulletin. 40:2 (1975): 47-52.

Dews, Carlos L. “McCullers Recalls Wright.” Richard Wright Newsletter 1995 Spring/Summer, 4:1, 5-6.

Dodd, Wayne D. “The Development of Theme Through Symbol in the Novels of Carson McCullers.” Georgia Review. 17.1 Spring 1963. 206-13.

Dorfel, Hanspeter. “Carson McCullers: The Member of the Wedding (1946).” in Der Roman inm Englischunterricht der Sekundarstufe, II: Theorie und Praxis. Peter Freese and Liesel Hermes, eds. Paderborn: Shoningh, 1977. 185-206.

Durham, Frank. “God and No God in The Heart is a Lonely Hunter.”The South Atlantic Quarterly. 56 (Fall 1957): 494-99.

Edmonds, Dale. Carson McCullers. Austin: Steck-Vaughn, 1969.

Edmonds, Dale. “’Correspondence’: A `Forgotten’ Carson McCullers Short Story.” Studies in Short Fiction. 9 (1972): 89-92.

Edmonds, Dale. “Hunting the Lonely Hunter.” Southern Review. 12 (1976): 442-444.

Eisinger, Chester E. Fiction of the Forites. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1965.

El Kanaoui, Fatima, Ph.D. Childhood, Adolescence and the Grotesque in the Fiction of Flannery O’Connor and Carson McCullers. diss. New York: New York UP, 1990.

Emerson, Donald. “The Ambiguities of Clock Without Hands.” Wisconsin Studies in Contemporary Literature. 3:3 (1962): 15-28.

Erlebach, Peter. “Carson McCullers: Clock Without Hands.” inAmerikanische Erzahlliteratur 1950-1970. Frieder Busch, ed. Munich: Fink, 1975. 102-12.

Evans, Oliver. Carson McCullers, Her Life and Work. London: Owen, 1965.

—. “The Case of Carson McCullers.” Georgia Review. 18 (1964): 40-45.

—. “The Case of Carson McCullers.” in Critical Essays on Carson McCullers. Beverly Lyon Clark and Melvin Friedman, eds. New York: Hall, 1996.

—. “The Case of the Silent Singer: A Revaluation of The Heart is a Lonely Hunter.” Georgia Review. 19 (Summer 1965): 188-203.

—. “The Theme of Spiritual Isolation in Carson McCullers” South: Modern Southern Literature in Its Cultural Setting. Ed. Louis D. Rubin, Jr. and Robert D. Jacobs. Westport, Connecticut: Glenwood, 1961, 333-48.

Everett, Howard Dean. Love and Alienation: The Sad, Dark Vision of Carson McCullers. Dissertation Abstracts International. Ann Arbor, MI, 1975, 36, 3711A-12A.

Falasca, Laura. “Images of the South through the Image of Freaks: A Movie from The Ballad of the Sad Café.” Southern Quarterly, Summer2000, Vol. 38 Issue 4, pp119-124.

Farrelly, Barbara A. “The Heart is a Lonely Hunter: A Literary Symphony.”Pembroke Magazine. 20 (1988): 16-23.

Felheim, Marvin. “Eurdora Welty and Carson McCullers.” Contemporary American Novelists. Harry T. Moore, ed. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1964.

Fine, Laura. “Gender Conflicts and Their ‘Dark’ Projections in Coming of Age White Female Southern Novels.” Southern Quarterly 38 (Summer1998): 121-130.

Finger, Larry L. Elements of the Grotesque in Selected Works of Welty, Capote, McCullers, and O’Connor. Dissertation Abstracts International, Ann Arbor, MI 1972, 33, 1721A-22A ( Geo. Peabody Coll. for Teachers).

Fletcher, Mary Dell. “Carson McCullers’ `Ancient Mariner.'” South Central Bulletin. 35: 123-25.

Folk, Barbara Nauer. “The Sad Sweet Music of Carson McCullers.”Georgia Review. 16 (Summer 1962): 202-9.

Fowler, Doreen. “Carson McCullers’s Primal Scenes: The Ballad of the Sad Cafe.” Critique. 43 (Spring 2002): 260-71.

Frazier, Adelaide. “Terminal Metaphors for Love.” Pembroke Magazine. 20 (1988): 77-81.

Gaillard, Dawson F. “The Presence of the Narrator in Carson McCullers’ The Ballad of the Sad Cafe.” Mississippi Quarterly. 1972. 25. 419-27.

Gaver, Lawrence. Carson McCullers. Minneapolis: U of Minneapolis P., 1969.

Gervin, Mary A. “McCullers’ frames of reference in ‘The Ballad of the Sad Cafe.'” Pembroke Magazine, 1988, Issue 20, pp 37-43.

Giannetti, Louis D. “The Member of the Wedding.” Literature Film Quarterly. 4 (1976): 28-38.

Gilbert, Sandra M. and Susan Gubar. “Fighting For Life.” in Critical Essays on Carson Mccullers. Beverly Lyon Clark and Melvin J. Friedman, eds. New york: Hall, 1996.

Ginsberg, Elaine. “The Female Initiation Theme in American Fiction.”Studies in American Fiction. 3(1975): 27-37.

Gleeson-White, Sarah. “A Peculiarly Southern Form of Ugliness:Eudora Welty, Carson McCullers,and Flannery O’Connor.” Southern Literary Journal, 36(Fall 2003): 46-58.

—. “Revisiting the Southern Grotesque: Mikhail Bakhtin and the Case of Carson McCullers.” Southern Literary Journal, 33 (Spring2001): 108-124.

—. Strange Bodies: Gender and Identity in the Novels of Carson McCullers. Alabama: UP of Alabama,, 2003.

Gonzalez, Constante Groba .”The Intolerable Burden of Femininity in Carson McCullers’ The Member of the Wedding and the Ballad of the Sad Cafe.”Atlantis: Revista de la Associacion Espanola de Estudios Anglo Norteamericanos. 1994. May-Nov. 16:1-2. 133-48.

Gossett, Louise Y. “Dispossessed Love: Carson McCullers” Violence in Recent Southern Fiction. Durham, N.C.: Duke UP, 1965. 159-77.

Gozzi, Francesco. “La Narrativa di Carson McCullers.” Studi Americani. 14 (1968): 339-76.

Griffith, Albert J. “Carson McCullers’ Myth of the Sad Cafe.” Georgia Review. 21 (1967): 46-56.

Grinnel, James W. “Delving a Domestic Dilemna.” Studies in Short Fiction. 1972, 9, 270-71.

Gross, Jane. “Home of Carson McCullers Nurtures New Generation of Writers and Artists.” New York Times. 05/14/2000, Vol. 149 Issue 51388, p40

Hamilton, Alice. “Loneliness and Alienation: The Life and Work of Carson McCullers.” Dalhousie Review. 50 (1970) 215-29.

Hannon, Charles. “The Ballad of the Sad Cafe and Other Stories of Women’s Wartime Labor.” Bodies in Performance. Foster-Thomas ed. New York: New York UP, 1996. Click for abstract.

Harmat, Andree Marie. “Theme et Variations: Wunderkind de Carson McCullers.” Litteratures. 1992, Autumn, 27, 179-93.

Hassan, Ihab. Radical Innocence: Studies in the Contemporary American Novel. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1961.

Havely, Cicely Palser. “Carson McCullers and Flannery O’Connor.” The Uses of Fiction. eds. Douglas Jefferson and Graham Martin. Milton Keynes, England: Open UP, 1982. 115-24.

Hendrick, George. “’Almost Everyone Wants to Be the Lover’: The Fiction of Carson McCullers.” Books Abroad. 42 (1968): 389-391.

Hoffman, Frederick J. The Art of Southern Fiction: A Study of Some Modern Novelists. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1968.

Horvath, Brooke and Lisa Logan. “Nobody Knows Best: Carson McCullers’ Plays as Social Criticism.” The Southern Quarterly 1995 Winter/Spring 33:2-3, 23-34.

Hubert. Linda. “To Alice Walker : Carson McCullers’ Legacy of Love.”Pembroke Magazine, 20 (1988): 89-95.

Huf, Linda. A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Woman: TheWriter as Heroine in American Literature. New York: Ungar, 1983.

Hunt, Tann H. Humor in the Novels of Carson McCullers. Dissertation Abstracts International, Ann Arbor, MI 1973, 34, 775A (Fla. State).

James, Judith Giblin. Wunderkind: The Reputation of Carson McCullers, 1940-1990. Columbia, SC: Camden House, 1995.

Jaworski, Philippe. “La Double Quete de L’identite et de la Realite Chez Carson McCullers.” Nouvelle Revue Francaise. 17, (July 1969): 93-101.

Johnson, Thomas S. The Horror in the Mansion: Gothic Fiction in the Works of Truman Capote and Carson McCullers. Dissertation Abstracts International, Ann Arbor, MI 1973, 34, 2630A (Texas, Austin).

Johnstoneaux, Raphael B., Jr. Abandonment in the Major Works of Carson McCullers. diss. Nashville: Vanderbilt UP, 1980.

Johnstoneaux, Rephael B. “The Forces of Dehumanization: Reflections in a Golden Eye.” Encyclia: The Journal of the Utah Academy of Sciences, Arts, and Letters. 1989, #66, 97-104.

Jones, Judith. “Wunderkind”: The Reputation of Carson McCullers, 1940-1990.Columbia: Camden House, 1995.

Joyce, Edward T. Race and Sex: Opposition and Identity in the Fiction of Carson McCullers. Dissertation Abstracts International. Ann Arbor, MI 1973, 34, 3403A-04A.

Katsurada, Shigetoshi. “Carson McCullers, The Member of the Wedding no Bunsho: Sono Sutairu no Ongakusei.” in Gengo to Suntai: Higashida Chiaki Kyoju Kanreki Ronbunshu. Chiaki Higashida, ed. Osaka: Osaka Kyoiku Tosho, 1976. 275-91.

Kenschaft, Lori J. “Homoerotics and Human Connections: Reading Carson McCullers As a Lesbian.” Critical Essays on Carson McCullers. Beverly Lycon Clark, ed. New York: Hall, 1996. Click for article.

Kestler, Frances. “Gothic Influence of the Grotesque Characters of the Lonely Hunter.” Pembroke Magazine. 20 (1988): 54-62.

Kiernan, Robert F. Katherine Anne Porter and Carson McCullers: A Reference Guide (Reference Guides in Literature; No. 9). Published 1976.

Kimball, Sue L. “Reflections on Reflections.” Pembroke Magazine. 1988. #20. 4-8.

Knowles, A. S. Jr. “Six Bronze Petals and Two Red: Carson McCullers in the Forties.” The Forties: Fiction, Poetry, Drama. Warren French, ed. Deland, FL: Everett, 1969.

Korenman, Joan S. “Carson McCullers’ `Proletarian Novel.'” Studies in the Humanities. 5:1 (1977): 8-13.

Kusuhara, Tomoko. “New Indications in Conventionalism in Popular Plays; Annual Report 1976.” in American Literature in the 1950’s. Tokyo: Tokyo Chap., Amer. Lit. Soc. of Japan. 147-55.

Lubbers, Klaus. “The Necessary Order: A Study of Theme and Structure in Carson McCullers’ Fiction.” Jahrbuch Fur Amerikastudien. 8 (1963): 187-204.

MacDonald, Edgar E. “The Symbolic Unity of The Heart is a Lonely Hunter.” in A Festschrift for Professor Marguerite Roberts on the Occasion of Her Retirement from Westhamption College, University of Richmond, Virginia. Frieda Elaine Penninger, ed. 1976.

Madden, David. “The Paradox Of The Need For Privacy And The Need For Understanding In Carson McCullers The Heart Is A Lonely Hunter.Literature and Psychology. 12.2-3 1967: 128-40.

Madden, David. “Tennessee and Carson: Notes on a Concept for a Play.”Critical Essays on Carson McCullers. Beverly Lycon Clark, ed. New York: Hall, 1996, 87-95.

Madden, David. “Transfixed Among the Self-Inflicted Ruins: Carson McCullers’ The Mortgaged Heart. “ Southern Literary Journal. 1972, 5:1, 137-62.

Magome, Kiyoko. “Two Years of Counterpoint: Carson McCullers’s Musico-Literary, Socio-Aesthetic Discourse.” Southern Studies. 11 (Fall/Winter 2004): 67-86.

Malin, Irving. New American Gothic. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1962.

Martin, Robert K. “Gender, race, and the colonial body: Carson McCullers’s Filipino boy, and David Henry Hwang’s…” Canadian Review of American Studies, Fall 1992, Vol. 23 Issue 1, 95-107.

Matsudaira, Toko. “On Reflections in a Golden Eye.” Shoin Lit. Rev. (japan) 1985. #19. 69-85.

McCullers, Carson. The Mortgaged Heart. Ed. Margarita G. Smith. Boston: Houghton, 1971.

McDowell, Margaret. Carson McCullers (Twayne’s United States Authors Series: Tusas 354). Published 1980.

McNally, John. “The Introspective Narrator in The Ballad of the Sad Cafe.” South Atlantic Bulletin. 38:4 (1973): 40-44.

Meyer, Paul Raymond. The Interplay of Reader and Text in The Member of the Wedding: an Experiment in Reading. Dissertation abstracts international. 1986 Aug. 47:2, 523a.

Micha, Rene. “Carson McCullers ou la Cabane de L’enfance.” Critique: Revue Generale des Publications Francaises et Etrangeres. 1963, 183-184, 696-707.

Millichap, Joseph R. “Carson McCullers’ Literary Ballad.” Georgia Review. 27 (1973): 329-39.

Millichap, Joseph R. “A Critical Reevaluation of Carson McCullers’ Fiction.” Dissertation Abstracts International, Ann Arbor, MI 1971, 31, 4783A (Notre Dame).

Millichap, Joseph R. “The Realistic Structure of The Heart is a Lonely Hunter.” Twentieth Century Literature. 17(1971): 11-17.

Missey, James. “A McCullers Influence on Albee’s The Zoo Story.” American Notes and Queries. 13(1975): 121-23.

Moore, Jack B. “Carson McCullers: The Heart is a Timeless Hunter.”Twentieth Century Literature. 11(1965) 76-81.

Moore, Janice T. “McCullers’ The Ballad of the Sad Cafe.” Explicator. 1970, 29, Item 27.

Murray, Jennifer. “Approaching Community in Carson McCuller’s The Heart is a Lonely Hunter.” Southern Quarterly. 42:4 (Summer 2004): 107-114.

Nagpal, Pratibha. “The Element of Grotesque in Reflections in a Golden Eye and Ballad of the Sad Cafe by Carson McCullers.” Panjab University Research Bulletin. (India) 1987. Oct., 18:2, 61-66.

Ohkoso, Yoshito. “Solitary Love: Carson McCullers’s Novels.” American Literature in the 1940’s. Tokyo: Tokyo Chpater, Amer. Lit. Soc. of Japan.

Pachmuss, Temira. “Dostoevsky, D.H. Lawrence, and Carson McCullers: Influences and Confluences.” Germano-Slavica: A Canadian Journal of Germanic and Slavic Comparative Studies. 4(1974): 59-68.

Paden, Frances Freeman. “Autistic Gestures in The Heart is a Lonely Hunter.”Modern Fiction Studies. 28:3(1982): 453-463.

Paulson, Suzanne Morrow.”Erasing the We of Me and Rewriting the Racial Script: Carson McCullers’s Two Members of the Wedding.” in Critical Essays on Carson Mccullers. Beverly Lyon Clark and Melvin J. Friedman, eds. New york: Hall, 1996.

Paulson, Suzanne Morrow. “Carson McCullers’s The Ballad of the Sad Cafe: A Song Half-Sung, Misogyny, and Ganging Up.” in Critical Essays on Carson Mccullers. Beverly Lyon Clark and Melvin J. Friedman, eds. New york: Hall, 1996.

Perrine, Laurence. “Resoring `A Domestic Dilemna.'” Studies in Fiction. 11 (1974): 101-04

Perry, Alice Hall. “Baby Wilson Redux: McCullers the Heart is a Lonely Hunter.” Southern Studies. 25:2(1986): 196-203.

Perry, Constance, M. “Carson McCullers and the Female Wunderkind.”Southern Literary Journal. 19 (1986): 36+

Phillips, Louis. “The Novelist as Playwright: Baldwin, McCullers, and Bellow.” Modern American Drama: Essays in Criticism. William E. Taylor, ed. Deland, FL: Everett, 1968.

Phillips, Robert S. “Dinesen’s `Monkey’ and McCullers’ `Ballad’: A Study in Literary Affinity.” Studies in Short Fiction. 1 (1964): 184-190.

Phillips, Robert S. “Freaking Out: The Short Stories of Carson McCullers.” in Critical Essays on Carson Mccullers. Beverly Lyon Clark and Melvin J. Friedman, eds. New york: Hall, 1996.

Phillips, Robert S. “The Gothic Architecture of The Member of The Wedding.” Renascence. 16 (1964): 59-72.

Phillips, Robert S. “Painful Love: Carson McCullers’ Parable.” Southwest Review. 51(1966): 80-86.

Pingree, Allison.“It’s Two That Makes The Trouble”: Figures of Replication in the Fiction of Mark Twain, Sherwood Anderson, Eudora Welty, and Carson McCullers. diss. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1992.

Pollock-Chagas, Jeremy E. “Rosalina and Amelia: A Structural Approach to Narrative.” Luso Brazilian Review. 12, 263-72.

Popp, Klaus Jurgen. “Carson McCullers.” Amerikanische Literatur der Gegenwart. Martin Christadler, ed. Stuttgart: Alfred Kroner, 1973.

Popp, Klaus Jurgen. “Carson McCullers, `A Tree, a Rock, a Cloud.'” The Vision of This Land: Studies of Vachel Lindsay, Edgar Lee Masters, and Carl Sandburg. John E. Hallwas, ed. Macomb, IL: Western IL UP, 1976.

Portada, Arleen. “Sex-role Rebellion and the Failure of Marriage in the Fiction of Carson McCullers.” Pembroke Magazine. 20(1988): 63-71.

Poston, David. “The Myth of the Explosion: Inverted Archetypes in the fiction of Carson McCullers.” Mount Olive Review. Winter Spring (93-94), 7, 13-22.

Presley, Delma E. “Carson McCullers and the South.” The Georgia Review. 28(1974): 19-32.

Presley, Delma E. “Carson McCullers and the South.” Critical Essays on Carson McCullers. Beverly Lyon Clark and Melvin Friedman, eds. New York: Hall, 1996.

Presley, Delma E. “Carson McCullers’ Descent to Earth.” Descant. 1972, 17:1, 54-60.

Presley, Delma E. “The Man Who Married Carson McCullers. This Issue. 1973, 2:2 13-16.

Presley, Delma E. “The Moral Function of Distortion in Southern Grotesque.” South Atlantic Bulletin. 1972, 37:2, 37-46.

Radu, Aurelia. “Implicatiile Initierii Sau Metamorfozele Singuratatii in Universuleroilor Lui Carson McCullers.” Literatura Universala Si Comparata. (Romania). 19:2 (1970): 141-48.

Randall, Julie Marie. The We of Me: Women, Idealization, and the Role of the Imaginary Father in the Works of Carson McCullers and Jean Stafford. Diss. New York State UP, 1995.

Rechnitz, Robert M. “The Failure of Love: The Grotesque in Two Novels by Carson McCullers.” Georgia Review. Winter 1968: 454-63.

Rich, Nancy B. “The Ironic Parable of Fascism” in The Heart is a Lonely Hunter.” Southern Literary Journal. 25.3 Summer 1986: 108-23.

Riedell, Karyn Lea. The Struggle Toward Androgyny: A Study of Selected American Writers. diss. Arizona State UP, 1984.

Rios Ruiz, Manuel. “Carson McCullers, la Novelista del Fatalismo.” Cuadernos Hispanoamericanos. 76 (1968): 763-771.

Riviere, Yvette. “L’alienation dans les Romans de Carson McCullers.” Recherches Anglaises et Americaines. 4 (1971): 79-86.

Robinson, W.R. “The Life of Carson McCullers’ Imagination.” Southern Humanities Rewiew. 2 (1968): 291-302.

Rogers, Ann T. The Search for Relationships in Carson McCullers. Dissertation Abstracts International, Ann Arbor, MI 1972, 32, 4632A (St. Louis).

Rolo, Charles. “A Southern Drama.” Atlantic Monthly, Oct 1961, Vol. 208 Issue 4, pp126-27.

Rubin, Louis D. Jr. “Carson McCullers: The Aesthetic of Pain.”Virginia Quarterly. 53 (1977): 265-83.

—. “Carson McCullers: The Aesthetic of Pain.” Critical Essays on Carson McCullers. Beverly Lyon Clark and Melvin Friedman, eds. New York: Hall, 1996.

Sadler, Lynn Veach. “Fixed in an Inlay of Mystery”: Language and Reconciliation in Carson McCullers’ “Clock Without Hands.” Pembroke Magazine, 1988, Issue 20, p49-54.

Savigneau, Josyane. Carson McCullers: A Life. Boston: Houghton, 2001.

Shapiro, Adrian M. Carson McCullers: A Descriptive Listing and Annotated Bibliography of Criticism. (Garland Reference Library of the Humanities; v. 142). Published 1980.

Sherrill, Rowland A. “McCullers’ The Heart is a Lonely Hunter: The Missing Ego and the Problem of the Norm.” Kentucky Review. 2:1 (1968), 5-17.


Schulman, Sarah. “McCullers: Canon Fodder?” Nation. 26 Jun. 2000: 39-41.

Skotnicki, Irene. “Die Darstellung der Entfremdung in den Roman von Carson McCullers.” Zeitstfur Anglistik und Amerikanistik. 20 (1972): 24-45.

Smith, C. Michael. “’A Voice in a Fugue’: Characters and Musical Structure in The Heart is a Lonely Hunter.” Modern Fiction Studies. 25 (1979): 258-63.

Smith, Simeon Mozart, Jr. Carson McCullers: A Critical Introduction. Dissertation Abstracts, Ann Arbor, MI 1964, 25, 3583-3584.

Snider, Clifton.”Jungian Theory, its Literary Application, and a Discussion of the Member of the Wedding.” in Joseph Natoli (ed) Psychological Perspectives on Literature. Hamden, CT: Archon, 1984.

—. “On Death and Dying: Carson McCullers’s Clock Without Hands.”Markham Review, 1982, Issue 11, pp 43-47.

Sosnoski, Karen. “Society’s Freaks: The Effects of Sexual Stereotyping in Carson McCullers’ Fiction.” Pembroke Magazine. 20 (1988): 82-88.

Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty. “A Feminist Reading: McCullers’s Heart is a Lonely Hunter.” in Critical Essays on Carson McCullers. Beverly Lyon Clark and Melvin Friedman, eds. New York: Hall, 1996.

Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty. “Three Feminist Readings: McCullers, Drabble, Habermas.” Union Seminary Quarterly Review. 35:1-2 (1979-80).

Stafford, Tondy J. “Grey Eyes is Glass: Image and Theme in the Member of the Wedding.” American Drama. 1993 Fall, 3:1, 54-66.

Stanley, William T. “Carson McCullers: 1965-1969, a Selected Checklist.” Bulletin of Bibliography. 27 (1970), 91-93.

Stebbins, Todd. “McCuller’s The Ballad of the Sad Cafe.” Explicator, Winter88, Vol. 46 Issue 2, pp 36-39.

Steinbauer, Janine. Carson McCullers (Profiles). Published 1997.

Sullivan, Margaret S. Carson McCullers, 1917-1947: The Conversion of Experience. Dissertation Abstracts, Ann Arbor, MI 1968, 28, 4648A.

Taetzsch, L. “Crossing Trajectories in The Heart is a Lonely Hunter.”New Orleans Review. 19:54 (1992): 192-99.

Taylor, Horace. “The Heart is a Lonely Hunter: A Southern Wasteland.”Studies in American Literature. Eds. Waldo McNeir and Leo B. Levy. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State UP, 1960. 154-60.

Thomas, Leroy. “Carson McCullers: The Plight of the Lonely Heart.“Pembroke Magazine. 20 (1988): 10-15.

Thomas, Leroy. An Analysis of the Theme of Alienation in the Fictional Works of Five Contemporary Southern Writers. Dissertation Abstacts International, Ann Arbor, MI 1972, 33, 768A (Oklahoma State.)

Trevor, William. “Her Own Enduring Heart.” Critical Essays on Carson McCullers. Beverly Lyon Clark and Melvin Friedman, eds. New York: Hall, 1996, 96.

Valensise, Rachele. “Tre Scrittrici del Sud: Flannery O’Connor, Caroline Gordon, Carson McCullers.” Studi Americani. (Italy) 71(1971): 251-89.

Vande Kreft, Ruth M. “The Love Ethos of Porter, Welty, and McCullers.”The Female Tradition in Southern Literature. Ed. Carol S. Manning. Urbana: U of Illinois P, 1993. 235-59.

Walsh, Margaret. “Carson McCullers’ anti-fairytale: ‘The Ballad of the Sad Cafe.'” Pembroke Magazine, 1988, Issue 20, pp 43-49.

Westling, Louise. “Carson McCullers’s Tomboys.” Southern Humanities Review. 14 (1982): 339-50.

Westling, Louise. “Tomboys and Revolting Femininity.” in Critical Essays on Carson Mccullers. Beverly Lyon Clark and Melvin J. Friedman, eds. New york: Hall, 1996.

White, Barbara Anne. Growing Up Female: Adolescent Girlhood in American Literature. Dissertation Abstracts International. Ann Arbor, MI 1975, 35, 6167A.

Whitt, Jan. “The Loneliest Hunter.” Southern Literary Journal. 24(1992). 26-35.Click for abstract.

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